Thyroid & Parathyroid
CNY Medical Professionals is dedicated to improving the health of our community by providing superior medical care for patients with thyroid disorders. We specialize in benign and malignant conditions of the thyroid and see a large number of patients with hypo- and hyperthyroidism. Other conditions cared for include Grave's disease, thyroiditis, thyroid nodules, and congenital hypothyroidism.
The thyroid gland is found in the neck below the Adam’s apple. The gland produces a hormone called thyroid hormone, which plays a role in the body’s metabolism. Thyroid hormone influences essentially every organ, every tissue and every cell in the body. The gland has a tendency to form nodules especially as age advances. Thyroid nodules are more commonly seen in women than in men.
Hypothyroidism is the most common type of thyroid disorder and occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone. Patients may not have any symptom if the hypothyroidism is mild.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
- Weight gain
- Voice change
- Mood swings
- Intolerance to cold
- Dry, coarse skin and hair
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. The most common type of hyperthyroidism is called Grave's disease. Hyperthyroidism affects approximately two million Americans.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Weight loss
- Rapid heart rate
- Enlarged thyroid
- Sleep disturbances
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Visual symptoms
Minimally invasive thyroid surgeries
CNY Medical Professionals specializes in minimally invasive and endoscopic thyroid and parathyroid surgeries. Minimally invasive surgery is an innovative technique for removing the thyroid and parathyroid glands though extremely small incisions of less than an inch. With this technique, there is typically less post-operative pain, a quicker recovery and an almost invisible scar. However, not all patients are candidates for minimally invasive surgeries.
• Parathyroid Surgery
In-office ultrasound scan
An ultrasound performed in a doctor's office may be more sensitive in detecting persistent or recurrent differentiated thyroid cancer than whole body radioiodine scans and blood tests, according to a study presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Thyroid Association (ATA). The CNY Medical Professionals Cortland office is equipped to perform ultrasound scans of the thyroid gland and ultrasound guided biopsies of suspected nodules. The ultrasound scan helps to differentiate a solid mass from a cystic mass. A cystic mass is filled with fluid and is often not cancerous.
Ultrasound-guided needle biopsies
In case an abnormality is detected in the neck, a minimally-invasive fine needle aspiration biopsy can be perfomed. An ulrasound scan can help physicians guide the needle through the neck into the thyroid gland precisely. A board certified pathologist will perform the needle biopsies and look at the slides at the same time to confirm adequacy of the material obtained so that a diagnosis can be made. At CNY Medical Professionals we get a diagnosis in over 90% of biopsies.
Thyroid function blood tests
The TSH test identifies the amount of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) produced by the pituitary gland, the organ that signals the thyroid gland to produce more or less hormone based on the body's need. At CNY Medical Professionals, we have the laboratory facilities available to conduct Qualigen thyroid function blood tests, with the results obtained in just a few minutes. Qualigen is a fully automated blood testing system that provides rapid, quantitative immunoassay test results right in our office lab.